Untreated STDs cause infertility in more than 23,000 women every year in the US, according to the CDC. Unacknowledged health issues related to STDs can be very serious. For instance, up to 40% of pregnancies in women with untreated syphilis result in miscarriage or infant death. It is important to learn the signs and symptoms of STDs so the infection can be treated before it poses a severe health risk.
The rate of chlamydia infection is more than two-and-a-half times higher in women than in men. Most women with chlamydia show no symptoms, but the disease can cause severe health problems such as infertility. Doctors can prescribe a course of antibiotics, but those who have had the disease in the past can get it again.
Similar to chlamydia, gonorrhea affects more women than men. However, many people of both genders remain undiagnosed with the disease. Symptoms of gonorrhea include pain with urination and green, white or yellow vaginal discharge. The standard treatment for gonorrhea involves two antibiotics, but those who don’t receive treatment are at a higher risk of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease).
Again, this disease is less common in men than in women, but up to 20% of teenagers and adults have the disease. There is no known cure for genital herpes, but doctors may prescribe medicines that can prevent pain and shorten flare-ups, when the disease is more easily spread.
HPV (the human papilloma virus) is the most common sexually transmitted disease among men and women, according to the CDC. Nearly every sexually active woman will contract at least one strain of HPV in her lifetime. Most women with HPV do not know they have been infected, and they never develop symptoms or health issues. Women are at high risk if not treated, because HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer.
While most sexually transmitted diseases have readily apparent symptoms, others can go undetected for years, causing severe, lifelong health issues. However, early detection and treatment can lessen the chance of infertility and other problems. For more information on STD detection and prevention, visit the team at Genius Beauty.